South Australian fish and invertebrates of conservation concern

Leafy Sea Dragon

A number of fish and invertebrate species recorded in SA waters are considered to be of conservation concern. This table is an aggregation of several lists, and is current at April 2015.


Genus Species Common name Described IUCN Status Australian Status State Action Reef Watch
Achoerodus gouldii Western Blue Groper 1843, Richardson Fishing banned in both gulfs and Investigator Strait. Y
Alopias vulpinus Thresher shark 1788, Bonnaterre  Data deficient Y
Carcharhinus brachyurus Bronze whaler 1870, Günther Near Threatened Y
Carcharhinus obscurus Dusky whaler 1818, Lesueur Near Threatened (lower risk) Y
Carcharodon carcharias Great white shark 1758, Linnaeus Vulnerable Vulnerable Fully protected (no take). Y
Cetorhinus maximus Basking shark 1765, Gunnerus Vulnerable
Galeocerdo cuvier Tiger shark 1822, Péron & Lesueur Near Threatened (lower risk)
Galeorhinus galeus School shark 1758, Linnaeus Vulnerable Conservation Dependant
Isurus oxyrinchus Shortfin mako 1810, Rafinesque Near Threatened (lower risk) Y
Nemadactylus valenciennesi Blue Morwong 1937, Whitley Y
Orectolobus halei Banded wobbegong 1940, Whitley Near Threatened
Orectolobus maculatus Spotted wobbegong 1788, Bonnaterre Near Threatened Y
Othos dentex Harlequin fish 1828, Cuvier Y
Paraplesiops meleagris Western Blue Devil 1869, Peters Y
Phyllopteryx eques Leafy seadragon 1865, Günther Near Threatened Fully protected (no take). Y
Phyllopteryx taeniolatus Weedy seadragon 1804, Lacépède Near Threatened Fully protected (no take). Y
Prionace glauca Blue shark 1758, Linnaeus Near Threatened (lower risk)
Pristis zijsron Green sawfish 1851, Bleeker Critically endangered Vulnerable
Sepia apama Giant Australian cuttlefish 1849, Gray Near Threatened Nomination rejected twice No take in northern Spencer Gulf. Trawl fishing bycatch continues. Y
Sphyrna zygaena Smooth hammerhead 1758, Linnaeus Near Threatened (lower risk)
Squalus acanthias Whitespotted dogfish 1758, Linnaeus Vulnerable
Squatina squatina Angel 1758, Linnaeus Critically endangered
Sutorectus tentaculatus Cobbler wobbegong 1864, Peters Y
Thunnus maccoyii Southern bluefin tuna 1872, Castelnau Critically endangered Conservation Dependant Fishing, ranching and export permitted.
Urolophus orarius Coastal stingaree 1987, Last & Gomon Endangered Nomination rejected (2009)
Urolophus viridis Greenback stingaree 1916, McCulloch Vulnerable
Zoila friendii thersites Black Cowry 1849, Gaskoin Bag limit of 1 per day. Y

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