Leatherjackets – MONACANTHIDAE

Horseshoe Leatherjacket - David Muirhead

According to the Atlas of Living Australia, 22 species of leatherjackets have been recorded in South Australian waters. The range of 20 of these is accepted to include South Australian waters (listed below).

Genus Species Common name Described
Acanthaluteres brownii Spinytail Leatherjacket 1846, Richardson
Acanthaluteres spilomelanurus Bridled Leatherjacket 1824, Quoy & Gaimard
Acanthaluteres vittiger Toothbrush Leatherjacket 1873, Castelnau
Brachaluteres jacksonianus Southern Pygmy Leatherjacket 1824, Quoy & Gaimard
Eubalichthys bucephalus Black Reef Leatherjacket 1931, Whitley
Eubalichthys cyanoura Bluetail Leatherjacket 1987, Hutchins
Eubalichthys gunnii Gunn’s Leatherjacket 1870, Günther
Eubalichthys mosaicus Mosaic Leatherjacket 1886, Ramsay & Ogilby
Eubalichthys quadrispinis Fourspine Leatherjacket 1977, Hutchins
Meuschenia hippocrepis Horseshoe Leatherjacket 1824, Quoy & Gaimard
Meuschenia australis Brownstriped Leatherjacket 1824, Donovan
Meuschenia flavolineata Yellowstriped Leatherjacket 1977, Hutchins
Meuschenia freycineti Sixspine Leatherjacket 1824, Quoy & Gaimard
Meuschenia galii Bluelined Leatherjacket 1905, Waite
Meuschenia scaber Velvet Leatherjacket 1801, Forster
Meuschenia trachylepis Yellowfin Leatherjacket 1870, Günther
Meuschenia venusta Stars-and-stripes Leatherjacket 1977, Hutchins
Nelusetta ayraud Ocean Jacket 1824, Quoy & Gaimard
Scobinichthys granulatus Rough Leatherjacket 1790, White
Thamnaconus degeni Bluefin leatherjacket 1903, Regen

Note: records of the Smooth-spine leatherjacket (Cantheschenia longipinnis) exist in South Australian waters, though the species’ range is not accepted as including South Australia at this time. A single record of the Fan belly leatherjacket (Monacanthus chinensis) also exists in SA waters, though this record appears to have failed the ALA expert review. Thanks to MLSSA member David Muirhead for identifying these problems with this list as originally published (April 2015).

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