Bottlenose dolphin

Whales & dolphins – CETACEA

According to the Atlas of Living Australia, at least 34 species of whales and dolphins have been recorded off South Australia’s coast. All marine mammals are protected in South Australia under the National Parks & Wildlife Act 1972. Federal protection for cetacea exists under the EPBC Act 1999. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) maintains international conservation listings for each species. As you can see below, many of these species are data deficient, meaning that their populations are not sufficiently known to be able to detect their growth or reduction.

Genus Species Common name Described IUCN AUS SA
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Dwarf minke whale 1804, Lacépède Least concern Rare
Balaenoptera bonaerensis Antarctic minke whale 1867, Burmeister Data deficient
Balaenoptera edeni Bryde’s whale 1878, Anderson Data deficient Rare
Balaenoptera musculus Blue whale 1758, Linnaeus Endangered Endangered Endangered
Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda Pygmy blue whale 1966, Ichihara Data deficient
Balaenoptera musculus intermedia Blue whale 1871, Burmeister Critically endangered
Balaenoptera omurai Omura’s whale 2003, Wada, Oishi & Yamada Data deficient
Balaenoptera physalus Fin whale 1758, Linnaeus Endangered Vulnerable Vulnerable
Berardius arnuxii Arnoux’s beaked whale 1851, Duvernoy Data deficient Rare
Caperea marginata Pygmy right whale 1846, J. E. Gray Least concern Rare
Delphinus delphis delphis Short-beaked common dolphin 1758, Linnaeus Least concern
Eubalaena australis Southern right whale 1822, Desmoulins Least concern Endangered Vulnerable
Feresa attenuata Pygmy killer whale 1874, J. E. Gray Data deficient
Globicephala macrorhynchus Short-finned pilot whale 1846, J. E. Gray Data deficient Rare
Globicephala melas Long-finned pilot whale 1809, Traill Data deficient
Grampus griseus Risso’s dolphin 1812, Cuvier Least concern Rare
Hyperoodon planifrons Southern bottle-nosed whale 1882, Flower Least concern Rare
Kogia breviceps Pygmy sperm whale 1838, Blainville Data deficient Rare
Kogia sima Dwarf sperm whale 1866, Owen Data deficient Rare
Lagenorhynchus obscurus Dusky dolphin 1828, J. E. Gray Data deficient
Lissodelphis peronii Southern right whale dolphin 1804, Lacépède Data deficient
Megaptera novaeangliae Humpback whale 1781, Borowski Least concern Vulnerable Vulnerable
Mesoplodon bowdoini Andrew’s beaked whale 1908, Andrews Data deficient Rare
Mesoplodon grayi Gray’s beaked whale 1876, von Haast Data deficient Rare
Mesoplodon hectori Hector’s beaked whale 1871, J. E. Gray Data deficient Rare
Mesoplodon layardii Strap-toothed beaked whale 1865, J. E. Gray Data deficient
Orcinus orca Killer whale 1758, Linnaeus Data deficient
Phocaena dioptrica Spectacled porpoise 1912, Lahille Data deficient
Physeter macrocephalus Sperm whale 1758, Linnaeus Vulnerable Rare
Pseudorca crassidens False killer whale 1846, Owen Data deficient Rare
Tasmacetus shepherdi Shepherd’s beaked whale 1937, Oliver Data deficient Rare
Tursiops aduncus Long-beaked bottle-nosed dolphin 1832, Ehrenberg Data deficient
Tursiops truncatus Bottlenose dolphin 1821, Montagu Least concern
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier’s beaked whale 1823, Cuvier Least concern Rare

Last updated: 28 April 2015 – Dan Monceaux

List contributors: Dan Monceaux, Libby Eyre

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